Advance-fee scam is a popular form of fraud, when the fraudsters ask for payments for various reason.

This type of fraud may come in multiple forms, such as:
- Lottery prize draw scams, where the victim is contacted by email or letter, advising them they have won a large amount of money on the lottery. The victim is then asked to provide copies of their identification documents and bank details, in order to receive their share of the prize. After the information is given, the victims identity could be stolen and the fraudster may ask for an upfront payment in order to pay for taxes, legal fees or bank transfer fees.
- Work from home or Career opportunity scams, which may appear promising and attractive. This type of scam usually involves an upfront payment for registration, consultation or set-up fees. Once the monies are paid, the fraudster disappears and the victims never hears back from them.
- Online dating scams target victims via dating agency websites or chat rooms. The scammers create a fake profile in order to build a relationship with the victim. Once they have gained the victim's confidence, the scammer will ask for help with something which requires money, such as visa processing fee or medical bills.
- Inheritance fraud is when the victim is contacted by the fraudster and told that a person with their family name has died and left behind a large sum of money for them. The fraudster may pretend to be a lawyer, asking the victim for upfront payment for legal fees or taxes.

Please always be aware if someone contacts you and asks you to make an upfront payment. If something seems too good to be true, it probably is.

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